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These pages are designed to aid study or investigation for Christian discipleship through individual Bible study, Cell groups, Home groups, or meeting one to one.  The questions could be used alone allowing each person to use their own Bible.

Copyright © 2012 by Derek Leaf . Not to be copied for commercial purposes.  Permission is granted to copy the unaltered, attributed page for non commercial purposes. beingrecreated.org

If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. 2 Cor 5:17

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William Thomson, Lord Kelvin said, “When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts advanced to the stage of science.”

The theory of evolution is a magnificent edifice with evidence of its impact on life arising in many areas. When it comes to be used as a theory for life beginning however it fails miserably. Its failure lies in the probability of life beginning through a chance coming together of chemicals to form a protein that would self reproduce. Only with such a protein could life be thought to exist in even the most basic form. Lord Kelvin’s test of whether a theory is science demanding the expression in numbers leaves the explanations for the creation of life through evolution as a meagre and unsatisfactory theory.

The probability of life beginning through combining random chemical building blocks, amino acids, is less than the probability of picking out one black grain of sand from a pile of white sand big enough to fill all the stars in the universe, with one pick. About 1 in 1.4 * 10 60

This probability is so low as to be beyond reason. The theory of evolution as an explanation for the origin of life is a huge edifice built on quick sand.

This is not philosophy. Here are the numbers -

The first part is the probability of life forming.

The second part is to compare the result with grains of sand to fill the starts of the universe.

The probability of a string of amino acids forming life.

The assumptions -

The target probability for the creation of a string of basic amino acids capable of reproduction.

Number of possible sequences of 140 amino acid protein made up from a pool of 20 amino acid types

20 to the power 140 = 8 * 10187

Probability of acceptable combination forming = Number of allowable strings divided by the possible number of sequences -

Probability of a ‘life starting protein’ arising in a pool of amino acids is

1037 / 8*10187 = 1.25 * 10-150

The Number of Amino Acids Combining.

How many amino acids can be brought together in a pool for them to be able to combine to form this ‘life starting protein.’

The assumptions -

The number of amino acids in this hypothetical universe -

Number of amino acids in our imaginary universe.  Stars * litres in ocean * molecules in litre

1024  *  1,2 * 1021  *   334 * 1023 =  400 * 1068 or 4 * 1071

Number of amino acids in pool to form the ‘life starting protein =  4 * 1071

The number of combinations till now

The amino acids in this pool have from the start of the universe till now to create life.

The assumptions -

Number of attempts =  15 * 109 yrs * 31 * 106 *103 secs = 4.65 * 1020 attempts

Number of attempts made by each amino acid 4.65 * 1020 attempts

Number of combinations = Number of attempts * Number of amino acids / 140 (string)

4.65 * 1020 attempts * 4*1071 amino acids / 140 amino acids/string = 1.32 * 1090

Number of proteins created in the time available =  1.32 * 1090

The Probability of life forming till now

Probability of life till now = probability of life in one combination * total combinations.

Probability of life = 1.25 * 10-150  * 1.32*1090 = 1.65 * 10-60


Chance of ‘life initiating protein’ forming since start of the universe =  1.65 * 10-60

Grains of sand to fill all the stars of the universe



Number of grains of white sand filling all stars in universe = 1.4 * 10 60


Probability of life forming till now in extremely idealised conditions is approximately the same as the probability of .taking one black grain of sand out of universe of stars filled with white sand  1 in 1.4 * 10 60